Study shows Indigenous Australians oldest civilisation on earth

The history of Indigenous Australians traces back 50,000 years, making them the oldest civilisation in the world, according to a new study.

The study is the most comprehensive genomic study of Indigenous Australians to date, revealing their first arrival to the continent Sahul – the former landmass made up of Tasmania, Australia and New Guinea.

Starting as a group of migrants who left Africa 72,000 years ago, it took tens of thousands of years for our original inhabitants to break away from their group and reach Australia.


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Genetic information from the study shows that Aboriginal people have developed biological adaptations to handle both arid and sub-zero conditions.

Another surprising revelation from the study showed the Papuans and Aboriginals separated 37,000 years ago, a substantial time before the continents broke apart just 8,000 years ago.

The study shines some light into the argument of Australia’s first inhabitants, a topic that has been heavily debated for quite some time.