Study shows Indigenous Australians oldest civilisation on earth

The history of Indigenous Australians traces back 50,000 years, making them the oldest civilisation in the world, according to a new study.

The study is the most comprehensive genomic study of Indigenous Australians to date, revealing their first arrival to the continent Sahul – the former landmass made up of Tasmania, Australia and New Guinea.

Starting as a group of migrants who left Africa 72,000 years ago, it took tens of thousands of years for our original inhabitants to break away from their group and reach Australia.


Genetic information from the study shows that Aboriginal people have developed biological adaptations to handle both arid and sub-zero conditions.

Another surprising revelation from the study showed the Papuans and Aboriginals separated 37,000 years ago, a substantial time before the continents broke apart just 8,000 years ago.

The study shines some light into the argument of Australia’s first inhabitants, a topic that has been heavily debated for quite some time.