An 18-year-old female student at University of Queensland in Brisbane has tested positive to meningococcal disease.
Close friends of the student, who is a resident at the University, have been given antibiotics to help reduce the risk of contracting the infection.
Meningococcal disease is difficult to contract without close and prolonged contact with someone who has the infection.
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At any given time the bacteria is carried by about 10 per cent of the population, and most people who carry the bacteria remain well. They can however spread the germ to others who may develop symptoms.
Symptoms include a high fever, fatigue, vomiting, joint pain and a purple rash.
In Queensland, 37 patients have tested positive to the disease this year, compared with 45 for the whole of last year.